10 Temples in Rome For A Spiritual Visit in 2023
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Best Selling Rome Attraction Tickets

Roman Temples

Pantheon, Temple of Hercules Victor, Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, Temple of Portunus, Temple of Saturn, Temple of Venus and Roma, Temple of Caesar, Temple of Castor and Pollux, Temple of Hadrian, Temple of Antoninus and Faustina.

Highly resembling the Greek temple in terms of their architectural design, the Roman temples make for an exemplary masterpiece. The temples in Rome are generally stationed on a high altitude plateau, featuring a set of stairs at the front. These temples are known across the globe as a combination of sheer splendor and incredible engineering. With some of these dating back to more than 2,000 years, these temples propel a huge crowd even today.

While some of these temples like the Pantheon and the Temple of Hercules Victor have survived the test of time, others like the Temple of Castor and Pollux and the Temple of Venus and Roma are now in splendid ruins. It is also quite fascinating that the Temple of Saturn and the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus have managed to keep their architectural glory intact even after having been used for a number of other purposes than just a religious building.

Here are some of the best Roman Temples:

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01

Pantheon

  • Constructed back in 126 AD and dedicated to the Roman gods and goddesses, Pantheon is one of the most well-preserved ancient temples in Rome. The Pantheon has an enormous circular portico featuring three ranks of magnificent granite-made colossal Corinthian columns. This portico is connected to a rotunda covered with a dome. Made of concrete, this dome has a central opening, called the Oculus. During the monsoons, it rains through the Oculus, making for a mesmerizing sight to soak in.

Location:
Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours:
9 AM to 6.45 PM

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02

Temple of Hercules Victor

  • One of the most beautiful temples in Rome, the Temple of Hercules Victor is a 10 meters tall late-republican-era temple, set within a lush garden, overlooking the serene Tibet River. Constructed back in 120 BC and dedicated to Herculus Victor, this is one of the first Roman buildings to be made up of Pentelic marble. Over the years, a number of parts of the temple including the roof suffered severe damage and were replaced.

Location:
Piazza della Bocca della Verità, 16, 00186 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours:
10 AM to 6.30 PM

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03

Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus

  • Nestled on the top of the Capitoline Hill, the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus is one of the most visited Roman temples, though the temple is now in ruins. The remnants of the temple include certain parts of the tuff, podium, foundation, and some architectural fragments made of terracotta and marble. The temple is known to have served as more than a temple - it was once used as a storehouse for religious objects and in the later period it was also used as an archive for public records and the meeting place for the senate.

Location:
Via del Tempio di Giove, 18, 00186 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours: 9 AM to 5 PM

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04

Temple of Portunus

  • Located near the ancient river harbor of Rome and dating back to the early first century B.C.E., the Temple of Portunus is a rectangular temple in Rome, Italy. As its name suggests, it is dedicated to the god Portunus, who is associated with harbors and livestock, though it was previously believed to have been dedicated to Fortuna Virilis, a form of the goddess of Fortuna. The incredible design of the temple features a number of different architectural traditions, including Italic, Hellenistic, and Mediterranean. Back in 872, this temple was converted into a church, however, it was restored as a Roman temple in 1916.

Location:
Piazza della Bocca della Verità, 00186 Roma RM, Italy|

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05

Temple of Saturn

  • Lying on the southeastern slope of the Capitoline Hill and dedicated to Saturn, the God of seed-sowing, Temple of Saturn happens to be one of the most significant temples in Rome. Consecrated in 498 BC under Rome’s last king Tarquinius Superbus, this sacred building is also considered to be one of the oldest Roman temples. Also used as a government and administrative centre in the bygone times, this temple is now in ruins. The original temple suffered many damages over the centuries and went through several restoration programs and the remnants that can be seen today are that of the final restoration during late antiquity.

Location:
Temple of Saturn, 00186 Roma, Italy, Rome

Opening Hours:
9 AM to 7 PM

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06

Temple of Venus And Roma

  • Consecrated in AD 121 and designed by Hadrian, the Greek style Temple of Venus and Roma sits on the Velia hill and happens to be one of the largest temples in Rome. Unfortunately, the temple received considerable damage due to fire in 140 AD, however, it was restored more magnificently than its previous version by Maxentius. At present, the Temple of Venus and Roma is a splendid ruin, which is visited by many tourists.

Location:
Piazza di Santa Maria Nova, 53, 00186 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours:
9 AM to 7.15 PM

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07

Temple of Caesar

  • The Temple of Caesar is known by several names, including Temple of Divus Iulius, Temple of the Deified Julius Caesar, and Temple of the Comet Star. After his assassination in 44 B.C, Julius Caesar was burried and an altar was stationed right on the top his burial site, which later became the site for important ceremonies and sacrifices. In the later period, a temple was established here in the honor of Julius Caesar owing to his incredible popularity amongst the Romans.

Location:
Via della Salara Vecchia, 5/6, 00186 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours:
8.30 AM to 7.15 PM

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08

Temple of Castor And Pollux

  • Erected in the 1st century BCE, the Temple of Castor and Pollux is dedicated to Castor and Pollux, who were the twins of Leda and Jupiter. Pollux was considered to be immortal, whereas his brother Castor was believed to be mortal. Once an enormous temple, the Temple of Castor and Pollux is now in ruins. However, some parts of the podium and the three columns have managed to survive the test of time and offer visitors an idea of the massive size of the original temple.

Location:
00186 Rome, Metropolitan City of Rome, Italy

Opening Hours:
8.30 AM to 7.15 PM

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09

Temple of Hadrian

  • Established back in 145 in the honour of the great Roman Emperor Hadrian, the Temple of Hadrian happens to be a breathtaking cultural patrimony of the Roman Empire. Made of beautiful grey and white Proconnesian marbles, the construction of this temple was commissioned by the adopted son and successor of Hadrian, Antonius Pius. At present, the magnificent Temple of Hadrian is in ruins and what survives are 11 of the 15 meters high Corinthian columns.

Location:
P.za di Pietra, 00186 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours:
8.30 AM to 7.30 PM

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10

Temple of Antoninus And Faustina

  • The Antoninus and Faustina temple in Rome Italy was originally built in the honor of the revered empress Faustina, who died in 141 AD before her husband Antoninus. After the death of Antoninus, his body was also included in the same temple. The temple was later converted into the Church of Saint Lawrence in Miranda. Many parts of the temple were torn down by the Medieval period and a number of significant events also affected the exterior and interior architecture of the structure in the 15th and 16th centuries.

Location:
00186 Rome, Metropolitan City of Rome, Italy

Opening Hours:
9.30 AM to 6.30 PM

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People Also Ask About Rome

  1. What are the most famous temples in Rome?

    • Temple of Hercules Victor
    Set overlooking the serene Tibet River, 10 meters tall late-republican-era Temple of Hercules Victor happens to be one of the most beautiful temples in Rome. Made of beautiful Pentelic marble, this small temple was erected back in 120 BC and dedicated to Herculus Victor.

    • Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus
    Having served as a storehouse for religious objects, an archive for public records, and the meeting place for the senate, the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus is now in ruins. The remnants of the temple include certain parts of the tuff, podium, foundation, and some architectural fragments made of terracotta and marble.

    • Temple of Portunus
    Built back in the early first century B.C.E., the rectangular-shaped Temple of Portunus is dedicated to the god Portunus, who is associated with harbors and livestock. The architectural design of the temple is a beautiful amalgamation of Italic, Hellenistic, and Mediterranean designs.

    • Temple of Saturn
    Consecrated in 498 BC under Rome’s last king Tarquinius Superbus, the Temple of Saturn is considered to be one of the oldest Roman temples. Also used as a government and administrative centre in the bygone times, the original temple has suffered many damages over the centuries and has undergone several restoration programs.

  2. What is the oldest temple in Rome?

    The Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus is considered to be the oldest of all Roman temples. Originally having a cathedral-like appearance, this temple is dedicated to the Capitoline Triad, which is a group including three deities, namely Jupiter, Minerva, and Juno.
  3. What is the biggest temple in Rome?

    The Greek style Temple of Venus and Roma happens to the biggest of all the temples in Rome. Nestled on the Velia hill, this temple is a splendid ruin at present and is visited by a huge number of tourists.

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  4. What is the most well preserved Roman temple?

    The Pantheon is known to be the most well-preserved and most popular of all the temples in Rome. This incredibly beautiful temple was constructed back in 126 AD and is dedicated to the Roman gods and goddesses. It has an enormous circular portico and a rotunda covered with a huge dome.
  5. What is Pantheon famous for?

    The magnificent Pantheon is famous across the globe as one of the most well-preserved temples in Rome. It is also known popularly for its breathtaking amalgamation of impressive Roman and Greek style architectural designs.
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